The architecture of 5g is completely different than that of 2G, 3G and 4G networks. This is because the 5G network architecture is based on cloud-native technology and virtualization. In addition, the core components have been decoupled from hardware and run on software that is independent of physical hardware. This makes it easier to share resources and reduces the overall cost of a network.
The 5g network architecture radio access network (RAN) connects the User Equipment (UE) like cellular phones or tablets to the network and to Data Networks, like the Internet. During the connection, the UE requests the specific services from the Access Management Function (AMF).
Next, the AMF routes the user data traffic (user plane) to the 5G core and the management data traffic (control plane) to the external networks. This separation also reduces latency, which is a big plus for users.
Designing the Future: The Architectural Advancements of 5G Technology
Other components of the 5G network include the aggregator, which aggregates all RAN traffic and routes it to the gateway. The aggregator is located at the base station or the radio network center (RNC).
Another part of the 5G architecture includes the nanocore. This is a combination of nanotechnology, cloud computing and all IP architecture.
The 5G network has the capacity to support large data streams and machine-to-machine communication, as well as real-time decision-making and automation. This means that the technology is capable of addressing new use cases such as the internet of things (IoT) and smart utilities. In addition, 5G technology offers increased capacity and lower latency than 4G. This can also improve connectivity in underserved rural areas and in cities where demand exceeds capacity with 4G.